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Recognizing Tung Chung Hsia Tsao

Recognizing Functions References

  The source is from the compound of the stroma formed by Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Chinese name is Tung Chun Hsia Tsao. It is sweet in flavor, slightly warm in nature, and attributive to the lung and kidney meridians. It hosts on the larva of Hepialus armoricanus Oberthru and the larva. The medical material is produced in Sichuan , Quinghai, and Tibet province in China . It is dug out at early summer when stroma has not dispersed yet. It is processed by drying under the sun between 60% and 70% wet, and then removing impurity. At last, it is dried under the sun again or kept in low temperature. It grows between 3000 and 5000 meters of altitude in mountains. It is used crudely ( 4, 12, 16, 18, 21, 35, 36, 37, 38 , 39 ) . It is harvested between in April and July, and farmers classify it the first, second, and third level, especially first level better. Because of expensive in formal Cordyceps sinensis , it has a lot of substitutes to replace itself. They are Mycelia of Cordyceps sinensis , C. hawkesii Gray, C. militaris (L. ex Fr.), C. liangschanensis Zang Liu et Hu sp. nov, C. Barnesii Thwaites, C. grcilis , C. gasuensis sp. No, Phragmatoecia castane , C. sobolifer (Hill)Berk et Br, Stachys geobombycis C. Y. Wu, S. Sieboldii Miq., Euphorbia kansui T. N. Liou ex T. P. Wang, Polypodiods nipponica Mott., and Bombyx mori L.(4,12,16,18,21,37) . In the recent research, scientists found out many bio-active components from it. Bio-active components are anti-bacteria, anti-tumor, immune regulation, immune inhibition, and anti-free radiation (6, 36, 37). Traditionally, it invigorates the kidney and nourishes the lung, strengthens yang and body, and relives cough and dyspnea. Moreover, it is usually cooked with soup, for instance, warm chicken soup with Chun Tsao (36, 38).


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