Huang Chi's Picture

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Recognizing Huang Chi

Recognizing Functions References

Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge., named as Huang Chi, AM, amd A. membranaceus , is the same plant as Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. . It grows in scrubs on mountain slopes, rainless hillsides, or in regions of sandy soils. It distributes in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shangxi, Neimenggu, Shanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Quinghai, Shangdon, Sichan, and Xizang Provinces. It is used from root for medicine. It is also named as Bei Chi, Mein Chi, Northeastern Huang Chi, Dark-skinned Chi, and Light-skinned Chi(7,14,17,33,34,35,36,37,39). In China, it is an important Chinese herb medical theory for food and medicine from the same origin in Chinese meal culture. It has been recorded by Chinese references such as Pen Ts'ao Kang Mu, The Natural Resources Conservation of Dying Pharmaceutical Wild Animals and Plants in China in Ming Dynasty, for about 600 years ago. Reported in Pen Ts'ao Kang Mu , Huang Chi tastes a little sweet; it is like soybean flavor; it is non-poison; it improves human's inertia, anorexia, loose stools, diarrhoea, self-sweat, edema, carbuncle, chronic nephritis, proteinuria, and diabetes, etc ( 35,36,38 ) . However, there are several kinds of fake Huang Chi such as Hedysarum polybotrys Hand. –Mazz.(Red Chi or Chin Chi), Astragalus ernestii Comb.(Suo Kuo Huang Chi), Astragalus floridus Benth. Ex Bge.(To Hua Huang Chi), Astragalus tongolensis Ulbr.(Tung e Lo Huang Chi), Astragalus chrysopterus Bge.(Chin I Huang Chi), Astragalus monodelphus Bge.(Tan Hsin Huang Chi), Astragalus sutchuenensis Franch.(Sichan Huang Chi), Malva rotundifolia L.(Yuan Yeh Chin K'uei), Althaea officinalis L.(Ou Shu K'uei), Althaea rosea (L.) Cavan.(Shu K'uei), Medicago sativa L.(Tzu Mu Su), Caragana sinica (Bunchoz) Rehder(Chin Chi Erh), Glycyrrhiza pallidiflora Maxim.( T'zu Kuo Kan Ts'ao), and Oxytropis coerulea (Pall.) DC.(Lan Hua Chi Tou) (35,41) .

  Huang Chi is usually used to Chinese herb medicine in China. It was recorded in Shen Nung Pen Ts'ao Ching, edited by Wu P'u in the Eastern Han Dynasty, in China at the first time about 1,500 years ago. In the clinical report, it has stragalus saponin including II, III, formononetin, calyacosin, acetylastragaloside, isoastragaloside, astragaloside and I I to VIII, and soyasaponin I. Moreover, it has amino acids, micro minerals, and oleic oil ( 1,6,8,9,12,13,22,33,34,36,39,56,57 ) .

  It has referred to references since 1965 including Peking University Health Science Center(China), Fudan University Huashan Hospital(China), Tongji Hospital(China), the Chinese Academy of Sciences(China), The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology(China), Medical University in Wroclaw(Poland), International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)(France), University of Illinois at Chicago(the US), Kansai College of Oriental Medicine (Japan), Taipei Medical College(Taiwan), Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (China) , University of Vienna(Austria), Zhong Shan Hospital of Shanghai Medical University(China), Kitasato University(Japan), Loma Linda University(Canada), National Yang-Ming Medical College(Taiwan), ENEA C.R.E.(Italy), and University of Texas System Cancer Center(the US).

 

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